Recording Dreams

Posted September 22nd, 2011 at 4:15 pm (UTC-4)

(Photo: Kaptain Kobold vis Flickr)

(Photo: Kaptain Kobold vis Flickr)

Imagine waking up from a vivid, wonderful dream that you can play back for others just like a video.

Recent work by California researchers could pave the way to reproduce and play back the movies in our minds that is, our dreams and memories.

Members of the research team at the University of California, Berkeley served as test subjects in their own study.

While sitting in an functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) scanner, they watched two separate sets of Hollywood movie trailers while the fMRI measured blood flow through the visual cortex, the part of our brains that processes visual information.

Smoothed view of brain showing visual cortex (in orange and yellow) (Photo: Mark Lythgoe & Chloe Hutton-Wellcome Images)

Smoothed view of brain showing visual cortex (in orange and yellow) (Photo: Mark Lythgoe & Chloe Hutton-Wellcome Images)

Since the brain is so complex to study as a whole, computers with the team’s special programming were used to divide the brain into small, three-dimensional cubes known as volumetric pixels, or “voxels.”  Each individual “voxel” described how shape and motion information in the viewed movie was mapped into brain activity.

The subject’s brain activity was then recorded for each set of videos they watched.

From the first set of videos the brain activity data was fed into a program that learned, on a second by second basis, how to associate visual patterns contained within the movie with the corresponding brain activity.

Then the brain activity created by the second set of clips was fed into the computer to test the team’s movie reconstruction algorithm, which contained some 18 million seconds of random YouTube videos. By scanning this tremendous amount of video, the reconstruction program was able to predict the brain activity that each film clip would most likely evoke in each subject.

Finally, the 100 clips that the computer program decided were most similar to the clip that the subject had probably seen were merged together to produce a blurry yet continuous reconstruction of the original movie.

With further study and experimentation, researchers hope the practical applications of this technology will also lead to a better understanding of what goes on in the minds of people who cannot communicate verbally, such as stroke victims, coma patients and those with neurodegenerative diseases.

The study has been published online in the journal “Current Biology.”

Rick Pantaleo
Rick Pantaleo maintains the Science World blog and writes stories for VOA’s web and radio on a variety of science, technology and health topics. He also occasionally appears on various VOA programs to talk about the latest scientific news. Rick joined VOA in 1992 after a 20 year career in commercial broadcasting.

3 responses to “Recording Dreams”

  1. […] …ce n’est plus de la science fiction, c’est bien réel. Un peu complexe à résumer, mais on peut désormais enregistrer l’activité cérébrale visuelle à l’aide d’un appareil de résonance magnétique et la transposer sur un écran d’ordinateur. Les images ne sont pas au point, mais ça donne une bonne idée de ce qu’on a vu. La vraie question reste: veut-on savoir tout ce qu’on rêve? Une idée qui effraie autant qu’elle réjouit. Plus de détails ici. […]

  2. From google translate the above –

    French to English translation
    it is no longer science fiction is real. A bit complex to summarize, but you can now record brain activity in the visual aid of a magnetic resonance and incorporate a computer screen. The images are not developed, but it gives a good idea of ​​what we saw. The real question remains: do we want to know everything you dream? An idea that frightens as much as it pleased. More details here.

  3. Stephen says:

    If this stuff excites you…

    Try doing a search on youtube for “electronic harassment”, “targeted individual” and the like.

    Or go check out these interesting facts

    Whats been possible since the 70’s with regards to this:

    And the simplest way to match your brainwaves to what you think, via signals sent to your vocal cords, also in use since the 70’s by your friendly local secret police

    Also, if you care too, please sign a partition about how much you like this cool technology for the US Govt.
    Petition Link: