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There are 41 million foreign-born people living in the United States and a new map illustrates the most common jobs held by those immigrants.
Business Insider used information from the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, an ongoing statistical survey that samples a small percentage of the population every year. The data was assembled and processed by the Minnesota Population Center’s Integrated Public Use Microdata Series program.
The map below shows the jobs most commonly held by people who said they were born in a country other than the United States.
Immigrants make up 12.9 percent of the overall population, according to the Center for American Progress. That sounds like a lot of people, but the high point for immigration in the U.S. actually came in 1890, when 14.8 percent of the population was foreign born.
While the map shows that many immigrants are housekeepers, janitors and agricultural workers, the majority of jobs thought to be overwhelmingly worked by non-natives are in fact filled by native-born Americans, according to the Center for Immigration Studies:
- Maids and housekeepers: 51% native-born
- Taxi drivers and chauffeurs: 58% native-born
- Butchers and meat processors: 63% native-born
- Grounds maintenance workers: 64% native-born
- Construction laborers: 66% native-born
- Porters, bellhops, and concierges: 72% native-born
- Janitors: 73% native-born
Jobs worked by immigrants tend to pay low wages and usually require little formal education. In high-immigrant occupations, 59 percent of the workers have a high school education or lower, compared to 31 percent of the rest of the labor force.