US, Australia Agree to Military Force Deployment

Posted November 16th, 2011 at 4:00 am (UTC-5)
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The leaders of the United States and Australia have announced an agreement to maintain U.S. forces on Australian soil.

U.S. President Barack Obama and Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard spoke to reporters about the agreement following talks Wednesday in Canberra.

Ms. Gillard said the deal called for a force of 200 to 250 U.S. Marines to be based in northern Australia for rotating six-month deployments. She said the force would grow over time to a full force of 2,500 personnel. She added that the agreement also opens Australian bases to U.S. aircraft.

Mr. Obama said the agreement will better allow the United States to respond to a range of humanitarian and disaster needs as well as security challenges.

Mr. Obama said the agreement will help to maintain the security architecture of the Asia-Pacific region. He said it will also make it easier for U.S. forces to train and exercise with troops from other countries across the region, and to equip smaller nations so they can respond more quickly to crises.

He said with his visit to Australia, he was making it clear that the United States is stepping up its commitment to the entire Pacific region, saying “We are here to stay.”

Asked whether the deployment was a response to China's rising military power, Mr. Obama said the United States welcomes a rising, peaceful China and praises its success in raising hundreds of millions of people out of poverty.

He said his main message to China is that with its rise comes increasing responsibilities. He said it is important for China to play by the rules of the road and help support an international system that has made its rise possible.

He said that when China plays by the rules, it is a win-win situation for everyone. When it does not, he said, the United States will send them a clear message that Beijing has to be on track.

He also said the notion that the United States fears China, or hopes to exclude it from international frameworks like the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade negotiations, is mistaken.

Mr. Obama flew to Australia from Hawaii, where he and Ms. Gillard both attended the annual Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.

Both will travel later this week to Bali, Indonesia for the East Asia Summit, where the United States and Russia will participate as full members for the first time.