Malian Army Ends Fighting Against Rebels in Gao

Posted April 1st, 2012 at 1:40 am (UTC-5)
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The Malian army ended a day-long gun battle with rebels in the northern city of Gao late Saturday out of concern for civilian safety.

Mali's military leader, Captain Amadou Sanogo, released a statement on state TV saying that given the situation of the populations near the battle zone the forces decided not to fight.

The army has also pulled troops out of the area, making Gao the second town Tuareg rebels have taken over in the past two days. The rebels also seized the provincial capital Kidal.

Earlier Saturday, a VOA reporter in Mali said eyewitnesses first spotted Tuareg rebels in vehicles entering Gao, carrying their Azawad flags. At that time, heavy gunfire could be heard, and witnesses say army troops launched a response using helicopters. The rebels were also fighting near the town's military camps.

Tuareg rebels began their insurgency in mid-January, armed with weapons brought into the country following the fall of neighboring Libya. Tuareg separatists have been seeking autonomy for decades. Their most recent advances came during confusion following last week's coup in Mali's capital, Bamako. Mid-ranking soldiers overthrew the democratically elected government of President Amadou Toumani Toure on March 22 after accusing leaders of not providing adequate resources to fight the Tuareg rebellion in the north.

Malian coup leader Amadou Sanogo told VOA by telephone on Friday that Mali needs international support to protect its territorial integrity against the rebels, especially because Mali is part of the regional cooperative group known as the Economic Community of West African States, ECOWAS.

Coup leaders are facing growing international pressure to give up power, especially from Mali's neighbors. ECOWAS has given Sanogo until Monday to restore the country's constitutional order or face harsh economic sanctions.

Three representatives of the military junta met in Ouagadougou Saturday with Burkina Faso's president, Blaise Compaore, to ask for help repelling Tuareg fighters in northern Mali. Their appeal apparently went unanswered, however. The envoys from Bamako told journalists that the Burkinabe leader's position mirrored that of ECOWAS.

Junta chief of staff Colonel Moussa Coulibaly told reporters Saturday after talks in Ouagadougou that leaders of the junta do agree on the need to swiftly restore constitutional order. Details on how they plan on establishing such order, however, remain unclear.

Sanogo said he is now head of state in Mali, with the full support of Mali's people. The coup that he led came just weeks before elections and the scheduled end of President Toure's term.