Obama: NATO United in Afghanistan Plan

Posted May 22nd, 2012 at 5:25 am (UTC-5)
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U.S. President Barack Obama says NATO members are unified behind a plan to wind down the war in Afghanistan and have the country take command of its security by 2014.

Wrapping up a two-day summit Monday in Chicago, Mr. Obama said the meeting closed with a clear road map for the alliance's role in Afghanistan.

But the president said work remains, including finding a solution to problems with Afghanistan's neighbor Pakistan. Mr. Obama said Pakistan and the United States are making “diligent progress” in talks to reopen Pakistani borders to NATO supply convoys.

“I think ultimately everybody in the alliance — all of ISAF, and most importantly the people of Afghanistan and Pakistan — understand that neither country is going to have the kind of security, stability, and prosperity that it needs unless they can resolve some of these outstanding issues and join in common purpose with the international community in making sure these regions do not harbor extremists.”

Mr. Obama spoke briefly with Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari on the sidelines of Monday's meetings.

He also used the summit to thank other nations in the region for allowing expanded NATO shipments through their territory after Pakistan closed its borders to the convoys last November. The closing followed U.S. airstrikes that mistakenly killed 24 Pakistani soldiers along the Afghan border.

The incident brought U.S.-Pakistani relations to a new low. But the two sides are now engaged in intense negotiations to finalize a deal to reopen the routes. Pakistan is seeking heavy taxes on future NATO convoys, a condition diplomatic sources say is hindering the talks.

Pakistan's ambassador to the U.S., Sherry Rehman, said Monday there is hope the talks will be “concluded constructively as soon as possible.”

“It's not just a question about the price mechanism. They are looking at a larger framework for building a memorandum of understanding that is transparent.”

About 130,000 foreign troops remain in Afghanistan as part of the U.S.-led NATO coalition.

Funding for Afghan security forces after 2014 could cost $4.1 billion a year, with the United States expected to cover a large portion of the bill.