Lifelong musicians are less likely to experience age-related hearing problems than non-musicians, according to a new Canadian study.
The National Institutes of Health says one-third of Americans between 65 and 74 has hearing problems, as do half of those who are 85 and older.
Among the hearing problems many older people experience is difficulty understanding speech when there’s a bit of background noise.
According to researchers, musicians must train themselves to develop sharper auditory skills and abilities because they rely so heavily on hearing and listening to perform their music.
The study was led by Benjamin Rich Zendel, with senior scientist Dr. Claude Alain at the Baycrest Rotman Research Institute in Toronto.
They examined the hearing abilities of musicians and non-musicians from 18 to 91 years old. The genres of music played by these musicians varied from rock and pop to classical.
One of the study’s goals was to determine if lifelong musicianship protected against normal hearing decline in later years. Also, it specifically examined the central auditory process that’s associated with understanding speech.
What they found was that the musicians’ hearing advantage over non-musicians widened as both groups aged.
An average 70-year-old musician was able to decipher speech in a noisy environment as well as the average 50-year-old non-musician.
The findings suggest being a lifelong musician can delay this age-related decline by 20 years.
But what about the famous rock musicians who played loudly for years and now suffer from hearing loss? Zendel says the actual physical structure of the ear has been damaged in these cases, limiting its ability to send an auditory signal to the brain. He points out that his study focuses on hearing ability in the brain and not within the ear itself.
It is once the signal gets to the brain for processing that musicians have a huge advantage over non-musicians, according to the findings.
Zendel recommends that all musicians wear hearing protection.
Zendel, joins us this weekend on the “Science World” radio program to talk about his team’s research and how lifelong musicians were able to maintain better hearing ability than those who weren’t musicians.
>>>> Listen to the interview here…[audio://blogs.voanews.com/science-world/files/2011/09/One-On-One-Benjamin-Rich-Zendel-Hearing-Study.mp3|titles=One On One – Benjamin Rich Zendel – Hearing Study]